Modern Mongolia A Concise History

Modern Mongolia A Concise History is written by Dr.Tsedendambyn
Batbayar, Director-General, Policy Planning and Coordination
Department, Ministry of External Relations. His former position was the
Director of the Institute of Oriental and International Studies,
Mongolia

"This book is his most significant contribution to a
better understanding of Mongolia in the world. The book traces the
whole fascinating history of the twenty's century Mongolia beginning
from 1911 when the independence of theocratic Mongolia was proclaimed
and closing the events by July 1996 elections which put an end to the
almost 75-year unbroken rule of the communists in this country of vast
territory (1,566,500sq.km) and just 2.4 million people."

Two political figures mostly dominated the period from the mid 1930s to
1984 as leaders of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party.
Choibalsan (born 1895) developed a Soviet-style economy and destroyed
theocratic power through political and religious purges; remaining in
power until his death in 1952. Tsedenbal's (born 1916) period of tenure
was marked by increasingly close integration with the USSR and at the
same time with rapid industrialization of livestock economy and
urbanization of nomadic people.

With old regime's collapse, beginning in 1989, Mongolia was able
to break its economic and political dependence on the Soviet Union. In
1990, the first free elections were held; Mongols elected their first
president P.Ochirbat and a new parliament. The new Constitution was
adopted in February 1992 and the country's name was changed from the
Mongolian People's Republic to Mongolia.

About the Author:
TSEDENDAMBYN BATBAYAR, born 1957, Director-General, Policy Planning and
Coordination Department, Ministry of External Relations. His former
position was the Director of the Institute of Oriental and
International Studies of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences in
Ulaanbaatar. He has conducted research in Russia and Japan, and in 1991
visited Western Washington University and other American and Canadian
universities. He has written Osnovnye napravleniya politiki rukovodstva
KNR vo Vnutrennej Mongolii na sovremennom etape 1976-1984
gg:(Ulaanbaatar and Prague,1988) and Khalkhyn Gol (Ulaanbaatar,1989).
His articles published in USA, Japan, Russia, China, and South Korea.

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