Kyoto Symposium: The Collapse and Restoration of the Mongolian Ecosystem Network in the Context of Global Environmental and Social Changes

The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN), Kyoto, Japan holds an International Symposium on "The Collapse and Restoration of the Mongolian Ecosystem Network in the Context of Global Environmental and Social Changes" on 23rd to 24th of January, 2010.
This symposium aims integration of information related to the environmental issues and deepening the understanding ecological system in Mongolia. About 20 presentations are scheduled by both natural science and humanities’ studies. Those researches are managed by one of the RIHN’s projects “Collapse and Restoration of Ecosystem Networks with Human Activity”. Leading scientists from Mongolia are invited to the conference as well.

Venue: RIHN, Kyoto, Japan
Date: 23rd-24th, January 2010. (25th excursion)
Details & Website: http://www.chikyu.ac.jp/yamamura-pro/mn_sympo/

One of the abstracts

“Interference impact of global warming and globalization on the society in Mongolia”

BATJARGAL Zamba, World Meteorological Organization, UN

There still is a significant portion of uncertainties with regard to the global climate change despite that the last Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC increased a worldwide common understanding about the present trend of global climate change and human activities as its main cause. Estimated future climate scenarios vary from model to model due to the limitation of global climate models (GCMs) and accordingly climate projections are different for given particular areas. Mongolia has developed the National Climate Change Programme referring to the results of projections based on well known GCMs. However, the scientific and professional communities engaged in this exercise are not able to guarantee full confidence in these projections due to the fact that the current GCMs had not captured all intrinsic components in driving factors and possible imperative non-linear feedback effects. The current level of warming at the territory of Mongolia based on instrumental records also needs to be shaped taking into account the locations of specifics of meteorological stations and gradually increasing localized “smog cap” effect in cold seasons in some key settlement areas. Studies on climate change undertaken so far mostly focused on the expected stresses of climate change on ecosystems, while interaction between natural and managed socio-economic systems were considered in simplified ways. In the IPCC Synthesis Report on Climate Change it was recognized that the “effects of climate change on human and some natural systems are difficult to detect due to adaptation and non-climatic drivers”. Mongolian society in recent years has been experiencing series of “shocks” induced by globalization related pressures. At the same time, Mongolia has a limited background to absorb these shocks as a nation due to its past political isolation with non market economic system and culturally “land locked” situation with limited access to a broader cultural domain in the world due to its imposed ideological barriers. Therefore, it is important for Mongolia to consider possible combined effects of global warming and globalization on the society in the process of developing its adaptation strategy anticipating both long term variability and non reversible change in climate conditions.

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