Useful information
Fact File Mongolia PDF Print E-mail
Mongolia Information
Monday, 18 September 2006 03:40

 Facts and figures on Mongolia

Location
Landlocked in between the bear, the Russian Federation, and the dragon, China.
Area
The 6th largest country in Asia, and the 18th largest in the world.
Surface area
1.566.500 square km.
Average altitude
1.580m above sea level.
Altitude capital Ulaanbaatar
1.350m above sea level.
Lowest point: Hoh Nuur
518 m above sea level.
Highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil
4,374 m above sea level.
Geographic coordinates
46 00 N, 105 00 E
Coldest month: January
Average temperature : - 35C
Warmest month: July
Average temperature: +25C
Climate
Extreme continental; Desert.
(large temperature ranges, both daily and seasonal).
Terrain
Steppe, semidesert and desert plains, mountains.
Sunshine
Over 260 sunny days a year , often with clear cloudless skies.
Rainfall and Snow
Snow and rainfall are very low, the climate being arid. However, enough rain usually occurs in July and August to swell rivers, and snow blizzards can occur in winter. The highest peaks have small glaciers.
Currency
Tugrug. 1Tugrug=100 mungu
 
Exchange rate
1211 Tugrugs = 1 USd (Jan, 2005)
Nationality
Mongolian
Population
2.3 million people, and one of the lowest population densities in the world. 1.5 inhabitants per 1 sq.km.
Literacy
Very high, in excess of 80%.
Ethnic groups
85% Mongol, mostly Khalkha Mongol. 
7% Turkic (mainly Kazakh), 
4.6% Tungusic
3.4% other groups.
Four million Mongols live outside Mongolia.
Language
Over 90% Khalkha Mongol ('Mongolian Language'). The script is Cyrillic due to Russian influence but a switch back to traditional script has begun in schools. Minor languages include Kazakh.
Religion
94% Tibetan Buddhist Lamas , also elements of Shamanism. 
6% Muslim (mainly in the south- west).
Government of Mongolia
Parliamentary , with President second in authority to State Great Hural (Parliament) .
Constitution
1960 and 1992, some revision 1996.
new! - Livestock Numbers
According to the 2004 livestock census, the number of livestock in Mongolia was 27,996,800: up 10% on 2003.
Preliminary estimates indicate that there are 1,999,600 horses, 1,835,500 cows, 11,659,000 sheep and 12,215,400 goats. Compared with 2003 the number of horses has increased by 30,700; cows by 42,600; sheep by 903,500 and goats by 1,562,700. The number of camels fell by 400 to 256,300.
Administrative subdivisions
21 Aimags (provinces), 
capital city
3 autonomous cities ( Darkhan, Erdenet, Choir)
 Mongolia according to the UN Human Development Report 2002, compared to the Netherlands. 
 
  Mongolia Netherlands
Life expectancy at birth 62,9 78,1
GDP per capita (USD) 1,783 25,657
Population under age 15 35,2% 18,3%
Percentage of women working 73,5% 45,4%
Percentage of GNP spent on education 85-87 11,7% 6,9%
Percentage of GNP spent on education 95-97 5,7% 5,1%

 
Oil exploration blocks PDF Print E-mail
Mongolia Information
Wednesday, 08 August 2007 10:05
 
Wikipedia Content PDF Print E-mail
Mongolia Information
Sunday, 22 July 2007 13:49

Why Wikipedia content on Mongolia Web News?

We want to give the best possible service to our visitors and in our case that means provide high quality information related to Mongolia. Wikipedia is a wonderful resource on any thinkable subject, including Mongolia and we feel some of this content could be useful for  our costumers.

Isn't it illegal to just copy this content?

Not at all. On the contrary we would say. All wikipedia  articles are released under the GNU Free Documentation License which allows anyone to copy the content as long as certain requirements are met, including a link directly to the original article. We believe we comply with these requirements (if you think we can improve, please Contact Us) and so are entitled to use this content.
Additionally we are a great fan of Wikipedia and contribute regularly ourselves to Wikipedia. 

 

 
Geography of Mongolia PDF Print E-mail
Mongolia Information
Saturday, 14 July 2007 20:08

Mongolia is a landlocked country in Northern Asia, strategically located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altay Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south. Huitenii Orgil (soc.period. sometimes called Nayramdalin Orgil--Mount Friendship) in extreme western Mongolia, where the Mongolian, the Russian, and the Chinese borders meet, is the highest point (4,374 meters). The lowest is 560 meters, an otherwise undistinguished spot in the eastern Mongolian plain. The country has an average elevation of 1,580 meters. The landscape includes one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes (Lake Khövsgöl), many salt lakes, marshes, sand dunes, rolling grasslands, alpine forests, and permanent montane glaciers. Northern and western Mongolia are seismically active zones, with frequent earthquakes and many hot springs and extinct volcanoes.

Last Updated on Sunday, 15 July 2007 16:57
 
Demographic Statistics PDF Print E-mail
Mongolia Information
Saturday, 14 July 2007 20:02

Demographics - by UNICEF

 

Population (thousands), 2005, under 18

998

Population (thousands), 2005, under 5

270

Population annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

2.8

Population annual growth rate (%)1990-2005

1.2

Crude death rate, 1970

14

Crude death rate, 1990

9

Crude death rate, 2005

7

Crude birth rate, 1970

42

Crude birth rate, 1990

32

Crude birth rate, 2005

22

Life expectancy, 1970

53

Life expectancy, 1990

61

Life expectancy, 2005

65

Total fertility rate, 2005

2.3

% of population urbanized, 2005

57

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1970-1990

4

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2005

1.2

Definitions and data sources

 
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